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RGB LCD Plate - Code to display weather information

by nsnick on Sun Feb 03, 2013 5:35 pm

Code: Select all | TOGGLE FULL SIZE
#!/usr/bin/pythonhttp://raspberrypi.local/editor

#
# based on code from lrvick and LiquidCrystal
# lrvic - https://github.com/lrvick/raspi-hd44780/blob/master/hd44780.py
# LiquidCrystal - https://github.com/arduino/Arduino/blob/master/libraries/LiquidCrystal/LiquidCrystal.cpp
#
#Modified to display weather data from openweathermap.org on an adafruit LCD plate shield for raspberry pi 2/3/2013
#
#

import urllib2, json #added for weather
from Adafruit_I2C import Adafruit_I2C
from Adafruit_MCP230xx import Adafruit_MCP230XX
import smbus

# change busnum = 0 to bbusnum = 1 if you have a rev 2 Pi!
mcp = Adafruit_MCP230XX(busnum = 0, address = 0x20, num_gpios = 16)

class Adafruit_CharLCD:

    OUTPUT = 0
    INPUT = 1
   
    # LED colors
    RED = 0x01
    GREEN = 0x02
    BLUE = 0x04
    YELLOW = 0x03
    TEAL = 0x06
    VIOLET = 0x05
    ON = 0x07
    OFF = 0x0

    # buttons
    SELECT = 0
    RIGHT = 1
    DOWN = 2
    UP = 3
    LEFT = 4

    # commands
    LCD_CLEARDISPLAY        = 0x01
    LCD_RETURNHOME       = 0x02
    LCD_ENTRYMODESET       = 0x04
    LCD_DISPLAYCONTROL       = 0x08
    LCD_CURSORSHIFT       = 0x10
    LCD_FUNCTIONSET       = 0x20
    LCD_SETCGRAMADDR       = 0x40
    LCD_SETDDRAMADDR       = 0x80

    # flags for display entry mode
    LCD_ENTRYRIGHT       = 0x00
    LCD_ENTRYLEFT       = 0x02
    LCD_ENTRYSHIFTINCREMENT    = 0x01
    LCD_ENTRYSHIFTDECREMENT    = 0x00

    # flags for display on/off control
    LCD_DISPLAYON       = 0x04
    LCD_DISPLAYOFF       = 0x00
    LCD_CURSORON       = 0x02
    LCD_CURSOROFF       = 0x00
    LCD_BLINKON       = 0x01
    LCD_BLINKOFF       = 0x00

    # flags for display/cursor shift
    LCD_DISPLAYMOVE       = 0x08
    LCD_CURSORMOVE       = 0x00

    # flags for display/cursor shift
    LCD_DISPLAYMOVE       = 0x08
    LCD_CURSORMOVE       = 0x00
    LCD_MOVERIGHT       = 0x04
    LCD_MOVELEFT       = 0x00

    # flags for function set
    LCD_8BITMODE       = 0x10
    LCD_4BITMODE       = 0x00
    LCD_2LINE          = 0x08
    LCD_1LINE          = 0x00
    LCD_5x10DOTS       = 0x04
    LCD_5x8DOTS       = 0x00



    def __init__(self, pin_rs=25, pin_e=24, pins_db=[23, 17, 21, 22], pin_rw=0):
        self.pin_rs = pin_rs
        self.pin_e = pin_e
        self.pin_rw = pin_rw
        self.pins_db = pins_db

        mcp.config(self.pin_e, self.OUTPUT)
        mcp.config(self.pin_rs,  self.OUTPUT)
        mcp.config(self.pin_rw,  self.OUTPUT)
        mcp.output(self.pin_rw, 0)
        mcp.output(self.pin_e, 0)
       
        for pin in self.pins_db:
            mcp.config(pin,  self.OUTPUT)

   self.write4bits(0x33) # initialization
   self.write4bits(0x32) # initialization
   self.write4bits(0x28) # 2 line 5x7 matrix
   self.write4bits(0x0C) # turn cursor off 0x0E to enable cursor
   self.write4bits(0x06) # shift cursor right

   self.displaycontrol = self.LCD_DISPLAYON | self.LCD_CURSOROFF | self.LCD_BLINKOFF

   self.displayfunction = self.LCD_4BITMODE | self.LCD_1LINE | self.LCD_5x8DOTS
   self.displayfunction |= self.LCD_2LINE

   """ Initialize to default text direction (for romance languages) """
   self.displaymode =  self.LCD_ENTRYLEFT | self.LCD_ENTRYSHIFTDECREMENT
   self.write4bits(self.LCD_ENTRYMODESET | self.displaymode) #  set the entry mode

   # turn on backlights!
       mcp.config(6, mcp.OUTPUT)
       mcp.config(7, mcp.OUTPUT)
       mcp.config(8, mcp.OUTPUT)
       mcp.output(6, 0) # red
       mcp.output(7, 0) # green
       mcp.output(8, 0) # blue

   # turn on pullups
        mcp.pullup(self.SELECT, True)
        mcp.pullup(self.LEFT, True)
        mcp.pullup(self.RIGHT, True)
        mcp.pullup(self.UP, True)
        mcp.pullup(self.DOWN, True)
   mcp.config(self.SELECT, mcp.INPUT)
   mcp.config(self.LEFT, mcp.INPUT)
   mcp.config(self.RIGHT, mcp.INPUT)
   mcp.config(self.DOWN, mcp.INPUT)
   mcp.config(self.UP, mcp.INPUT)

    def begin(self, cols, lines):
        if (lines > 1):
            self.numlines = lines
            self.displayfunction |= self.LCD_2LINE
        self.currline = 0
        self.clear()

    def home(self):
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_RETURNHOME) # set cursor position to zero
        self.delayMicroseconds(2000) # this command takes a long time!

    def clear(self):
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_CLEARDISPLAY) # command to clear display
        self.delayMicroseconds(2000)   # 2000 microsecond sleep, clearing the display takes a long time

    def setCursor(self, col, row):
        self.row_offsets = [ 0x00, 0x40, 0x14, 0x54 ]
        if ( row > self.numlines ):
          row = self.numlines - 1 # we count rows starting w/0
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_SETDDRAMADDR | (col + self.row_offsets[row]))

    def noDisplay(self):
        """ Turn the display off (quickly) """
        self.displaycontrol &= ~self.LCD_DISPLAYON
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_DISPLAYCONTROL | self.displaycontrol)

    def display(self):
        """ Turn the display on (quickly) """
        self.displaycontrol |= self.LCD_DISPLAYON
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_DISPLAYCONTROL | self.displaycontrol)

    def noCursor(self):
        """ Turns the underline cursor on/off """
        self.displaycontrol &= ~self.LCD_CURSORON
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_DISPLAYCONTROL | self.displaycontrol)


    def cursor(self):
        """ Cursor On """
        self.displaycontrol |= self.LCD_CURSORON
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_DISPLAYCONTROL | self.displaycontrol)

    def noBlink(self):
   """ Turn on and off the blinking cursor """
        self.displaycontrol &= ~self.LCD_BLINKON
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_DISPLAYCONTROL | self.displaycontrol)

    def noBlink(self):
   """ Turn on and off the blinking cursor """
        self.displaycontrol &= ~self.LCD_BLINKON
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_DISPLAYCONTROL | self.displaycontrol)

    def DisplayLeft(self):
        """ These commands scroll the display without changing the RAM """
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_CURSORSHIFT | self.LCD_DISPLAYMOVE | self.LCD_MOVELEFT)

    def scrollDisplayRight(self):
   """ These commands scroll the display without changing the RAM """
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_CURSORSHIFT | self.LCD_DISPLAYMOVE | self.LCD_MOVERIGHT);

    def leftToRight(self):
   """ This is for text that flows Left to Right """
        self.displaymode |= self.LCD_ENTRYLEFT
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_ENTRYMODESET | self.displaymode);

    def rightToLeft(self):
   """ This is for text that flows Right to Left """
        self.displaymode &= ~self.LCD_ENTRYLEFT
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_ENTRYMODESET | self.displaymode)

    def autoscroll(self):
   """ This will 'right justify' text from the cursor """
        self.displaymode |= self.LCD_ENTRYSHIFTINCREMENT
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_ENTRYMODESET | self.displaymode)

    def noAutoscroll(self):
   """ This will 'left justify' text from the cursor """
        self.displaymode &= ~self.LCD_ENTRYSHIFTINCREMENT
        self.write4bits(self.LCD_ENTRYMODESET | self.displaymode)

    def write4bits(self, bits, char_mode=False):
        """ Send command to LCD """
        #self.delayMicroseconds(1000) # 1000 microsecond sleep
        bits=bin(bits)[2:].zfill(8)
        mcp.output(self.pin_rs, char_mode)

        for i in range(4):
            if bits[i] == "1":
                mcp.output(self.pins_db[::-1][i], True)
            else:
                mcp.output(self.pins_db[::-1][i], False)
        self.pulseEnable()

        for i in range(4,8):
            if bits[i] == "1":
                mcp.output(self.pins_db[::-1][i-4], True)
            else:
                mcp.output(self.pins_db[::-1][i-4], False)
        self.pulseEnable()

    def delayMicroseconds(self, microseconds):
        seconds = microseconds / 1000000   # divide microseconds by 1 million for seconds
        sleep(seconds)

    def pulseEnable(self):
        mcp.output(self.pin_e, True)
        self.delayMicroseconds(1)      # 1 microsecond pause - enable pulse must be > 450ns
        mcp.output(self.pin_e, False)
        #self.delayMicroseconds(1)      # commands need > 37us to settle

    def message(self, text):
        """ Send string to LCD. Newline wraps to second line"""
        for char in text:
            if char == '\n':
                self.write4bits(0xC0) # next line
            else:
                self.write4bits(ord(char),True)

    def backlight(self, color):
   mcp.output(6, not color & 0x01)
   mcp.output(7, not color & 0x02)
   mcp.output(8, not color & 0x04)


#if __name__ == '__main__':


lcd = Adafruit_CharLCD(15, 13, [12,11,10,9], 14)
latitude = '40.44'    #change this value for your location
longitude = '-79.99'  #change this value for your location
dp = 1                #decimal places
disp_delay = 10       #number of seconds to wait to refresh display
update_delay = 15      #number of minutes to wait to update information
update_iterations = 60 * update_delay / disp_delay

def ctof(c):
   f = (c * 1.8) + 32
   return f
   
def getWeather():
   url_string = 'http://api.openweathermap.org/data/2.1/find/city?lat=' + latitude + '&lon=' + longitude + '&cnt=10'

   f = urllib2.urlopen(url_string)
   json_string = f.read()   
   parsed_json = json.loads(json_string)
   data = parsed_json['list']
   first_entry = data[0]
   print first_entry
   city = first_entry['name']
   print city
   weather_text_a = first_entry['weather']
   weather_text = weather_text_a[0]
   weather_current = weather_text['main']
   weather_current_desc = weather_text['description']
   weather_data = first_entry['main']
   weather_temp_max_k_fl = weather_data['temp_max']
   weather_temp_min_k_fl = weather_data['temp_min']
   weather_temp_current_k_fl = weather_data['temp']
   weather_humidity_percent_fl = weather_data['humidity']
   weather_pressure_fl = weather_data['pressure']
   weather_temp_max_c_fl = weather_temp_max_k_fl - 273.15
   weather_temp_min_c_fl = weather_temp_min_k_fl - 273.15
   weather_temp_current_c_fl = weather_temp_current_k_fl - 273.15
   weather_temp_max_f_fl = ctof(weather_temp_max_c_fl)
   weather_temp_min_f_fl = ctof(weather_temp_min_c_fl)
   weather_temp_current_f_fl = ctof(weather_temp_current_c_fl)
   weather_temp_max_k = round(weather_temp_max_k_fl, dp)
   weather_temp_min_k = round(weather_temp_min_k_fl, dp)
   weather_temp_current_k = round(weather_temp_current_k_fl, dp)
   weather_temp_max_c = round(weather_temp_max_c_fl, dp)
   weather_temp_min_c = round(weather_temp_min_c_fl, dp)
   weather_temp_current_c = round(weather_temp_current_c_fl, dp)
   weather_temp_max_f = round(weather_temp_max_f_fl, dp)
   weather_temp_min_f = round(weather_temp_min_f_fl, dp)
   weather_temp_current_f = round(weather_temp_current_f_fl, dp)
   weather_humidity_percent = round(weather_humidity_percent_fl, dp)
   weather_pressure = round(weather_pressure_fl, dp)

   city_str = "City: " + city + "\n"
   conditions_str = weather_current + "\n"
   desc_str = weather_current_desc + "\n"
   max_str = "Max: %.1fC %.1fF\n" % (weather_temp_max_c, weather_temp_max_f)
   min_str =  "Min: %.1fC %.1fF\n" % (weather_temp_min_c, weather_temp_min_f)
   now_str = "Now: %.1fC %.1fF\n" % (weather_temp_current_c, weather_temp_current_f)
   humidity_str = "Humidity: %.1f%%\n" % weather_humidity_percent
   pressure_str = "Pressure: %.1f\n" % weather_pressure

   weather_list = [city_str, conditions_str, desc_str, max_str, min_str, now_str, humidity_str, pressure_str]
   print weather_list
   return weather_list

def setDisplayTextAndColor():
   weather_list = getWeather()
   if 'warning' in weather_list[2]: lcd.backlight(lcd.YELLOW)
   elif 'snow' in weather_list[2]: lcd.backlight(lcd.RED)
   elif 'sleet' in weather_list[2]: lcd.backlight(lcd.VIOLET)
   elif 'rain' in weather_list[2]: lcd.backlight(lcd.GREEN)
   elif 'clouds' or 'overcast' in weather_list[2]: lcd.backlight(lcd.BLUE)
   else: lcd.backlight(lcd.TEAL)
   return weather_list

weather_list = setDisplayTextAndColor()
      
i0 = 0
i1 = 1
j = 0
while 1:
   sleep(disp_delay)
   lcd.clear()
      lcd.message(weather_list[i0] + "\n" + weather_list[i1])
   i0 = i0 + 1
   if i0 > len(weather_list) - 1: i0 = 0
   i1 = i0 + 1
   if i1 > len(weather_list) - 1: i1 = 0
   j = j + 1
   if j == update_iterations:
      j = 0
      weather_list = setDisplayTextAndColor()
   
   
      

Enjoy!
nsnick
 
Posts: 1
Joined: Mon Nov 07, 2011 2:27 pm

Re: RGB LCD Plate - Code to display weather information

by adafruit on Wed Feb 06, 2013 11:38 pm

Neat, can you post a photo? :)
User avatar
adafruit
 
Posts: 11647
Joined: Thu Apr 06, 2006 3:21 pm
Location: nyc